How to project the number of hospital beds necessary to cover a given population

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[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][vc_column width=”2/3″][vc_column_text]Assume that the ALOS in a hospital is 5 days

If population of a region is 1,000,000
The total number of admissions per year = 10,00,000 x 1/50 = 20,000

If bed days per year = 20,000, then x 5 = 100,000

Total number of beds required when occupancy is 100% = 100000/365 = 275
Total number of beds required when occupancy is 80% = 100000/365 x 80/100

Area of the hospital: An area of 85 m2 per bed has been considered to be reasonable. The area will include the service areas such as waiting space, entrance hall, registration counter, etc.  This can be dependent on culture.

Other points to consider:

1. Usually you would calculate the beds for the population of the catchment area in the future, with an horizon of at least 5 or 10 years. It is suggested that one should also analyze whether the population will grow or shrink and how it grows (linear, exponential, cubic) and if you intend to draw in a wider market through health tourism.

2. In some localities there is already a minimum number of beds per inhabitant or per child born

3. ICU and NICU is calculated on top of all this

4. In some countries commissioning rules force you to have a ratio between the number of medical / surgical beds of ICU and general hospitalization

5. Staffing outside the USA in most health tourism hospitals (nurses 1:4 medical/surgical; 1:1 ICU/NICU/CCU)[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/1″][/vc_column][/vc_row]


  1. I have a question; from where you got the 1/50 to be multiplied with the total number of population?? to get the total number of admissions per year

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